.Every person participating in the process of planning, designing, funding, constructing, and operating physical facilities relevant to the project at hand gains diverse perspectives on construction project management.Expert knowledge may be quite advantageous, especially when it comes to huge and intricate projects, because specialists from many fields can provide significant services. Understanding how the various aspects of the process interact is, on the other hand, critical and advantageous.Poor coordination and communication among specialists can lead to waste, over-budgeting, and delays. It is primarily the owner’s responsibility to ensure that such defects do not occur between them. It also owes it to all project participants to keep the interests of the project in mind.
Implementing the owner’s perspective will assist participants in focusing on the project’s completion by paying close attention to the project management process for created facilities. This would reduce the existing practise of making judgments based on the historical roles of project specialists.Planners, architects, engineering designers, constructors, fabricators, material suppliers, financial analysts, and others are among the experts named. True, each specialist has made a significant contribution to the advancements in the construction area.
However, understanding the full project management process will enable them to respond more effectively to the owner’s wishes. As a result, they can use their expertise to improve the productivity and quality of their job by offering their opinions.The construction industry benefits from improved project management, which in turn aids the development of the national and global economies. Know the construction sector, its working environment, and the institutional constraints affecting its activities and the nature of project management to make major improvements.
Life Cycle of a Construction Project
Life Cycle of a Construction ProjectThe purchase of a built facility is a significant financial commitment. An individual, a private corporation, or a government entity can be the owner.The facility is likely to meet particular objectives since the commitment of resources for such a big expenditure is prompted by market demands or real needs. These specifications will be limited by the indicated owner’s and applicable policies.With the exception of residential units that may be sold as-built by the real estate developer, the majority of the created facilities are custom made in conjunction with the owners. Insofar as a government agency can support a public project, he is considered a sponsor of construction projects.
Because both have the ultimate power to make all key choices, the terms “owner” and “sponsor” are interchangeable in project management. Because he is effectively acquiring a facility on the basis of a promise in some type of agreement, it is prudent for any owner to have a clear grasp of the acquisition process in order to maintain strong control over the quality, timing, and cost of the completed facility.Figure 1 shows a schematic representation of the project life cycle for a built facility. On a timely basis, a project meets market demands or requirements. During the conceptual planning stage, a wide range of options may be considered.
Cycle of a Constructed Facility
The funding strategies for the offered options and concepts should be thoroughly examined before being programmed in terms of project completion timelines and cash flow availability.The blueprint for construction will be provided by rigorous engineering design, and the definitive cost estimate will give the baseline for cost control, once the scope of the project has been properly stated and defined.During the procurement and construction stages, as well as the delivery of materials and the erection of the project on the site, meticulous planning and control must be maintained. When a building project is completed, there is normally a brief time of start-up before the facility is occupied.
Finally, the facility’s management is given over to the owner for full occupation until the facility reaches the end of its useful life. That is, once the building’s functionality has begun, it will be checked for durability. The building was chosen for demolition or conversion if it could not exhibit any faults before the deadline.Figure 1 depicts the stages of development, which may or may not be strictly consecutive. Iteration is required for some steps, while others can be completed in concurrently or in overlapping time frames. This selection is mostly influenced by the project’s type, scale, and urgency.Furthermore, an owner may develop internal capabilities to manage the work at every level of the process. If this isn’t possible, they can make a request.
Phase One of a Construction Project
Phase One of a Construction Project
At the start of the project, we must construct and assess the project in order to establish if it is feasible and should be pursued. The project’s goal or requirement is identified here; it could be a business problem or an opportunity.A business case with proposed solution alternatives is used to document an acceptable response to the issue. A feasibility study is carried out to see if each option clearly specifies the project goal, and a final suggested solution is chosen.Many questions about feasibility, such as “can we undertake the project?” and justification, such as “should we execute the project?” are raised and addressed.When a solution is approved, a project is launched to put it into action.
The planning phase entails a more detailed development of the project in order to achieve the project’s goal. All of the work that needs to be done is identified by the team. The project’s tasks and resource requirements, as well as the strategy for achieving them, are identified.The identification of each activity, as well as their resource allocation, is done in a larger sense. A project plan is prepared that outlines the activities, tasks, dependencies, and deadlines.The project manager is in charge of coordinating the creation of a project budget by giving labour, equipment, and material cost estimates. Project scheduling software such as MS Project or PRIMAVERA are commonly used for this. This scheduling chart would assist us in keeping track of the stages of our project as they progressed over time.
Construction Project Execution Phase
Finally, we need a document that shows the quality plan, which includes quality targets, assurance, and control procedures, as well as an acceptance plan, which outlines the criteria that must be met in order for the client to accept the product. The project would have been meticulously prepared and is now ready to be implemented. This is the phase in which the project plan is put into action and the project’s work is carried out practically on site. During each stage of implementation, it is critical to maintain control and communicate as needed.Progress should be tracked on a regular basis, and any necessary revisions should be made and recorded as deviations from the original plan. A project manager is the one who spends the most time in this position.
By comparing the progress reports to the project plan to measure the performance of the project activities, the project manager maintains control over the project’s direction. Corrective steps are taken if any deviations from the previously specified plan are discovered.Bringing the project back to the original plan should always be the first course of action. If this isn’t possible, the team should keep track of deviations from the initial plan, as well as record and disseminate changes to the plan. Throughout this step, project sponsors and other key stakeholders are kept updated on the project’s progress at the agreed-upon rate and manner. On a regular basis, the plan should be revised and made public.Status reports should be submitted on a regular basis.
The construction project life cycle refers to the order of completing tasks in a construction project.
The construction process is typically divided into 4 essential phases: Planning, Preconstruction, Construction and Close-out.
The construction phase is the physical process of building and all other associated activities.
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